Secularism

India a country which is known for its peace and prosperity .In ancient time  there was a lot of old rituals and  social traditions that creates a lot of uncertainties. people  usually behaves with each other in a dramatic manner .
In 1976, on the report of Indira Gandhi an amendment was made in Indian constitution according to this a word secularism is added.
Since then India is known as secular nation. It   means that all religions are same .There is no difference between two persons of different religions on the basis of caste,creed and colour.
But now in present this type of religion war is seeming .It is dangerous for our country. Where one side RSS head Mohan Bhagvat stated that- “India is to made Hindu country”.http://www.pankaj0271wordpress.com
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Current affairs 20 dec 2014

Current Affairs for IAS Exams – 20 December 2014

National

No holiday on Christmas for government employees

Students may have been spared from participating in events on December 25 to mark “Good Governance Day” or “Sushasan Diwas”, but Central Government employees have no such luck.

Several Ministries have announced programmes to mark former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s birthday on December 25 and officers are expected to report to office.

A circular issued by the Human Resource Development Ministry to government-run schools and Central universities to observe Good Governance Day on Christmas had triggered a furore after which the Ministry issued a statement clarifying that schools would remain closed on Christmas.

Officials said the Ministry of Rural Development will observe the day as “Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) Diwas” and commemorate 15 years of rural roads scheme launched by Mr. Vajpayee in 2000.

“Minister of Rural Development Chaudhary Birender Singh will release a compendium of rural roads built under the scheme as well as a booklet and a dossier on December 25,” a Ministry official said.

Electricity amendment Bill focuses on renewable energy

The Electricity Amendment Bill 2014, introduced in the Lok Sabha, lays strong emphasis on promoting renewable energy generation in the country while also aiming at increasing accountability and transparency in the functioning of regulatory bodies.

For the first time, the Bill, introduced by Power Minister Piyush Goyal, proposes to make it mandatory for any company establishing lignite and coal-based thermal power plants, to generate renewable energy.

While the amount of renewable energy to be generated by such plants will be decided later, the Bill proposes it to be not less than 10 percent of the total installed capacity of a thermal plant.

The Planning Commission had in March 2011, constituted a working group on power sector reforms. The group had recommended several amendments to the Electricity Act 2003.

The current Bill, prepared following consultations with various stakeholders including those from central ministries, State governments, power utilities, regulatory commissions, private developers, industry associations, consumer groups, among others, seeks to usher in a further wave of reforms in the power sector.

Difference between Pakistanies & Indians

What is the difference between Indians and Pakistanis? The answer is uncomplicated: There is no difference. We are the same people, with similar personality strengths, and parallel collective weaknesses. Why then have the two nations moved along such dramatically different arcs in the six decades of their existence?

India and Pakistan are not separated by a mere boundary. They are defined by

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radically opposed ideas. India believes in a secular state where all faiths are equal; Pakistan in the notion that a state can be founded on the basis of religion.

The two-nation theory, which was the basis of Pakistan, did not separate all Muslims of the subcontinent from Hindus; nearly as many Muslims live in India at this moment, without any hindrance to the exercise of their faith, as live in Pakistan. Pakistan was created on an assumption, which had no basis in either the political or social history of Indian Muslims, that they could not live as equals in a united, Hindumajority India. It was a concept that flourished in the wasteland of an inferiority complex.

Indian Muslims who rejected this view, like Maulana Azad and most of the learned Deoband ulema, argued that Islam was a brotherhood, not a nationhood; they pointed out that faith belonged to God, and nations to men. They offered empirical evidence: If faith was sufficient glue, why would there be so many Arab countries? Muslims who fought for Indian unity were swamped by the high passion of a separation dream that acquired, in the imagination of its advocates, the attributes of an earthly paradise. It took three decades for that cold judge, time, to deliver its first verdict. The two-nation theory collapsed in 1971, when a majority of Pakistanis broke away to form Bangladesh, an ethnic entity.

Conventional wisdom in the 1950s, particularly of the kind which presumed that ‘natives’ were insufficiently evolved for the higher reaches of political thought, was certain that India’s idealistic one-nation theory was the bubble that would implode, and Pakistan would stabilise and prosper. Although its polity collapsed within 10 years of freedom, Pakistan seemed to offer, initially, a more positive social and economic environment. But as its raison d’etre began to unravel in the mid-1960s, Pakistan’s leaders learnt the wrong lesson from experience. Instead of moving away from theocracy, they clung to it as the abiding rationale for survival.

Ironically, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the suave and brilliant barrister who had turned a whisper of the 1930s into the storm of the 1940s, and created Pakistan on the slogan that Islam would be in danger from Hindus once the British left, was the first Pakistani to recognise the perils of the idea he had incubated. In his private thoughts and at least in one major public speech, his first before the Pakistan Constituent Assembly in the second week of March 1947, Jinnah envisaged Pakistan as a secular state with a Muslim majority. He never deigned to acknowledge Gandhi, of course, but it would have been a mirror image of India: Gandhi wanted a united, secular state with a Hindu majority. There was a critical difference, however. Jinnah’s state was exclusive; Gandhi’s India was inclusive. The point of departure came in the mid-1930s: Gandhi and Congress fought the British for the freedom of India; Jinnah and Muslim League fought the Congress for the freedom of Pakistan. The British acted as brokers, and they did not leave without taking their brokerage.

The idea of India as a pluralist democracy was enshrined very quickly into the document that is the spine of Indian nationalism: India’s Constitution. The debate over whether Pakistan should be an ‘Islamic state’ began to simmer and cartwheel as it came to the difficult part: What precisely did an Islamic state mean? The Justice Munir Commission, set up in the 1950s after the Lahore riots against the Ahmadiyya sect, offered some advice: An Islamic state was a mirage; in any case, it was no business of the state to define who a Muslim was. But wisdom has rarely deflected ideologues from their relentless march towards the extreme. The father of Pakistan, Jinnah, was soon ambushed and overtaken by the godfather of Pakistan, Maulana Maudoodi, creator of the Jamaat-e-Islami, who did little for the Pakistan movement, but once it had been founded turned it into fertile ground for his dialectics as well as his foot soldiers. The Jamaat is a tailpiece in electoral battles since the voter does not trust the mullah with governance, but its influence on the ideology of the state is in consistent ascent.

Maudoodi’s extremism, and the inability of Islamabad to do anything about his heirs like terrorist Hafiz Muhammad Saeed, has not only undermined Indo-Pak relations but also infected the social rubric of Pakistan. Textbooks, which once merely asserted Muslim superiority over Hindus and other non-Muslims, now demonise them in the most malicious language. Family and minority law are caught in a corrosive downward spiral that has little prospect of reversal; and many tribal areas have Continue reading

Pashavar before attacked

किसी माँ ने सुबह बच्चे का…
डब्बा तैयार किया होगा !
किसी बाप ने अपने लाल को..
खुलते स्कूल छोड़ दिया होगा !!

किसे पता था वह ..
अब लौटेगा नहीं कभी !
किसे पता था गोलियों से..
भून जायेंगे अरमान सभी !!

बच्चो में रब है बसता..
उस रब से मेरी फ़रियाद है !!
तालिबान यह कैसा तेरा …
मजहब के नाम जिहाद है !!

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मेमनों की तरह बच्चे…
मिमियाए जरूर होंगे !
खौफ से डर कर आँखों में
आंसू आये जरूर होंगे !!

तुतलाये शब्दों से रहम की…
भीख भी तुझसे मांगी होगी !
अपने बचाव को हर सीमाये..
उसने दौड़ कर लांघी होगी !!

मासूमो के आक्रन्द से भी न पिघले..
हिम्म्त की तेरे देनी दाद है !
हे आतंकी… यह कैसा तेरा …
मजहब के नाम जिहाद है !!

भारत से दुश्मनी निभाने…
मोहरा बनाया उसने जिसे !
जिस साप को दूध पिलाया..
वही अब डस रहा उसे !

हे आतंक के जन्मदाता….
अब तो कुछ सबक ले !
यदि शरीर में दिल है ..
तू थोड़ा सा तो सिसक ले !

आतंक के साये ने हिला दी..
पाकिस्तान की बुनियाद है !
तालिबान यह कैसा तेरा…
मजहब के नाम जिहाद है !!

कौन धर्म में हिंसा को..
जायज ठहराया गया है !
कुरान की किस आयत में ..
यह शब्द भी पाया गया है !!

कब तक तुम्हारा बच्चा..
इस तरह बेबस रहेगा !
मांग कर देखो हाथ…
साथ हमारा बेशक रहेगा !!

सबक बहुत मिल गया अब..
आतंक की खत्म करनी मियाद है !
तालिबान यह कैसा तेरा…
मजहब के नाम जिहाद है !

अश्रूपूरित श्रद्घाजंलि 🙏